STUDY GUIDE
We have included some very worthwhile study material (with answers) for your perusal.
Please read and study. All answers are correct.
 
1. List 3 points that all owners and operators of the vessel must ensure.
All owners and operators, masters and crew members must ensure the ship is:
  • Safe
  • Properly equipped and crewed
  • Operated in a safe manner
 
2. In Queensland, when must vessels be registered?
Boats with 3 Kw and over 4 Hp must be registered in Queensland.

 

3. What is the blood alcohol limit of a recreational boat driver over the age of 18 years?
The skipper must have a blood alcohol limit of less than 0.05, the same rule as on the road.
 
4. List the 6 safety obligations of boat operators when towing a skier.
The owner/operator of the boat is responsible for the safety of others and has a general safety obligation to:
  • Ensure the driver of the boat used for towing someone else (by a line attached to the boat including for example, someone water skiing or riding a toboggan or tube) is appropriately licenced with a recreational marine driver licence or personal watercraft licence.
  • Make sure the boat is safe and is capable of towing skiers
  • Take all the right safety equipment for the skiers and passengers and ensure its correct use during skiing operations.
  • Conduct skiing operations in an anticlockwise pattern of travel unless otherwise directed by signage or site management.
  • Operate boat as safely as possible and first check the operational area is safe for skiing by noting the depth of water, width to make turns safely and any hazards.
  • Carry an observer (more than 12 years of age) onboard competent to watch the skier at all times to report any danger, signals, falls or mishaps.
 
5. Where, in a recreational vessel, should the capacity label be placed?
Capacity labels should be placed near the boat’s control area/s where they can be seen by the operator at all times.
A penalty could apply if a capacity label is not attached, unreadable or located in the wrong position on the boat.
 
6. List the 5 types of life jackets and describe where each are used.
  • Type 1 life jacket: for use in smooth, partially smooth and open waters.
  • Type 2 life jacket: for use in smooth and partially smooth waters.
  • Type 3 life jacket: for use in smooth waters.
  • Coastal and SOLAS life jackets: for use by boats operating a long distance offshore.
  • Inflatable life jackets: for use the same as foam life jackets depending on the type rating.
 
7. Write down ‘the crossing checklist’.
Prior to crossing, check the tides and weather. Obtain a weather report for the time of crossing the bar and a weather forecast of conditions expected on your return. Before attempting to cross a bar, do the following:
  • Check the steering, bilge, hatches and drains.
  • Check all lifesaving equipment and ensure it is ready for an emergency.
  • Ensure all crew and passengers are wearing life jackets if in an open boat less than 4.8 metres in length, when crossing a designated coastal bar
  •  Check decks and secure all lines and movable items.
  • Ensure correct trim.
  •  Check and test engines, steering and controls.
  • Use your marine radio to log on and off with a volunteer marine rescue group.
  • Check the state of the tide (best one hour before high; worst on mid-ebb).
  • Observe water patterns and sets to establish when calmer periods occur.
  • Look for a position marker or lead so the entrance can be located on the return trip.
 
8. ’International regulations for preventing collisions at sea’. To whom do these regulations apply?
Everyone using the waterways.

 

9. On which side does a vessel overtake another?
If you are overtaking a boat, you can do so at either side of the boat you wish to pass. However, you must keep clear of the boat you are overtaking. This applies to both sail and power boats.

 

10. What does ‘keeping a proper lookout’ involve?
A good lookout through sight and sound must be kept at all times. The master is responsible for keeping a lookout for dangers. Be aware of the boating environment, especially in bad weather, restricted visibility and darkness.
 
11. Approaching head-on to another vessel – what should happen?
A vessel must always be navigated on the starboard side (right) of a river or channel.

 

12. Sound signals – list ‘manoeuvring and warning’ points.
  • One short blast means ‘I am altering my course to starboard’.
  • Two short blasts mean ‘I am altering my course to port’.
  • Three short blasts means ‘I am operating engines astern’ (the boat may be reversing or stopping).
  • Five (or more) short blasts mean ‘I am unsure of your intentions’.
 
13. What give-way rules must be observed?
Power boat usually gives way to sail. However, this does not always apply. Larger vessels, such as ferries or container ships, have difficulty manoeuvring due to their size. Masters of other boats, including sail boats, should always apply common sense and seamanship by giving larger vessels a wide berth.
 
14. ’Commercial ship recognition’. What day mark must a ship, ‘restricted in its ability to manoeuvre’, display?
Black ball over black diamond over black ball.

 

15. What lights, at night, should be displayed on a power boat under 12 metres, when underway?
Power driven ships must show side lights and either an all round white light or a stern light.
 
16. What is the colour, shape and light pattern of:
  • Cardinal marks
  • Isolated danger marks
  • Lateral marks
  • Safe water marks
  • Special marks.
 
  • Cardinal marks: Top marks – black double cones clearly separated. Colours – black and yellow horizontal bands with the position of the black band or bands relative to the respective cardinal points. Lights – a cardinal mark exhibits a white light and its quadrant is distinguished by a specific group of quick or very quick flashes
 
  • Isolated danger marks: Colour – black with one or more horizontal red bands. Top mark – two black spheres positioned vertically and clearly separated. Light – a white flashing light showing groups of two flashes.
 
  • Lateral marks: Colour – port red, starboard green. Top mark – basic shape of a can (port); cone (starboard). Light – red (port); green (starboard).
 
  • Safe water marks: Colour – red and white vertical stripes. Top mark – a single red sphere. Light – exhibits a white light, isophase, occulting, or single long flash every ten seconds.
 
17. When would a vessel be limited to a speed of 6 knots?
A speed limit of 6 knots:
  • Within 30 metres of boats anchored, moored to the shore or aground; a jetty, wharf, pontoon or boat ramp.
  • Within 30 metres of people in the water.
  • Within 60 metres of people in the water when operating a personal watercraft.
  • In boat harbours and marinas.
 
18. What are ‘marine pollutants’?
Marine pollutants include:
  • Oil (including diesel fuel, petrol and oil products) and oily residues or mixtures
  • Chemicals and chemical residues
  • Sewage
  • Garbage (food wastes, paper products, rags, glass, metal, bottles crockery, fishing gear, nets, bait boxes, lining, packing material, deck sweepings, paints, wood products, wire residues and all plastics).

© 2013 by Vic Manskie

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